Publications

Research Fields & Focus Areas  Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles (ALL) Book Chapters  Dissertation  Technical Reports  Human Health Animal Health Environmental Dimensions of AMR One Health Higher Education Blogs

Research Fields & Focus Areas 

Research Fields and Focus Areas

  • Antibiotic Stewardship and Conservation
  • Evidence-informed strategies for the prevention and containment of antibiotic resistance based on:
    • Surveillance of antibiotic use and resistance in human, (food) animal and environmental health (One Health),
    • Risk factors for the infection/colonization by antibiotic resistant bacteria, and,
    • Infection prevention and control, water sanitation and hygiene (WASH), good husbandry and biosecurity.
  • Molecular epidemiology, pathogenomics and metagenomics of antibiotic resistance using whole genome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis for the characterization of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes, their associated mobile genetic elements and genomic environments, clonality and phylogeny.
  • ESKAPE pathogens
  • Health policy and health systems strengthening to optimize the management of infections in the context of antibiotic resistance and stewardship.
  • Efficacy and safety of new potential antibiotic moieties
  • Scholarship of Heath Professional Higher Education
  • Human Resources for Health

Established the “Antimicrobial Research -Unit” in Pharmaceutical Sciences in the School of Health Sciences.

NRF Rating - C2 (2018-22)

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles (ALL)

1. Shobo C., Essack, S.Y. & Bester L. (2021). Enterococcal contamination of hospital environments in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of Applied Microbiology JAM-2020-2478.R1 (accepted pending corrections). 

2. Essack S.Y. (2021)  National Action Plans on Antimicrobial Resistance - the Missing Link of WASH at Community Level.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization BLT/2020/284232 (in press)

3. Rout, J., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2021). Guideline Recommendations for Antimicrobial Stewardship Education for Clinical Nursing Practice in Hospitals: A Scoping Review. Southern African Journal of Critical Care Ref.: SAJCC482R1 (in press).

4. Mbanga, J., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K. Allam, M., Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Genomic analysis of enterococcus ppp. isolated from a wastewater treatment plant and its associated waters in Umgungundlovu District, South Africa.   Frontiers in Microbiology (Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy.  Manuscript ID: 648454 (in press)

5. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Antimicrobial resistance in the farm-to-plate continuum: more than a food safety issue.  Future Science OA. 2 March 2021 https://doi.org/10.2144/fsoa-2020-0189

6. Jesson, J., Agyepong, N., Owusu-Ofori, A., Govinden, U., Essack, S.Y., Samuelsen, O., Sunsdfjord, A. & Pedersen, T. (2021).  Carbapenem-resistance determinants acquired through novel chromosomal integrations in 2 XDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 3 May 1128/AAC.00289-21 

7. Eriksen, J., Björkman, I., Röing, M., Essack, S.Y. & Stålsby Lundborg, C. (2021)  Exploring the One health perspective in Sweden’s policies to contain antibiotic resistance.  Antibiotics 10, 526. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10050526   

8. Fatoba, D.O., Abia, A.L.K., Amoako, D.G. & Essack, S.Y. Rethinking manure application: increase in multidrug-resistant Enterococcus spp. in agricultural soil following chicken litter application. Microorganisms 9 (5): 885 3390/microorganisms9050885

9. Sithole, V., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y.  (2021).  Occurrence, Antimicrobial Resistance, and Molecular Characterisation of Campylobacter Spp. in Intensive Pig Production in South Africa.  Pathogens 10(4), 439; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10040439

10. Badul, S., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y.  (2021).  From the farms to the dining table: the distribution and molecular characteristics of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus spp. in intensive pig farming in South Africa.  Microorganisms  9(5), 882; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9050882

11. Phiri, A.F.N.D., Abia, A.L.K., Amoako, D.G., Mkakosya, R., Sundsfjord, A., Essack, S.Y. and Simonsen, G.S.  (2021).  Burden, antibiotic resistance, and clonality of Shigella spp. implicated in community-acquired acute diarrhoea in Lilongwe, Malawi .  Tropical Medicine , 6, 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6020063 

12. Balliram, R., Sibanda, W. and Essack, S.Y.  (2021).The Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Doctors, Pharmacists and Nurses on Antimicrobials, Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Stewardship in South Africa.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 36 (1): a262 https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v36i1.262

13. Rodríguez-Baño, J., Rossolini, G.M., Schultsz, C., Tacconelli, E., Murthy, S., Ohmagari, N., Holmes, A., Bachmann, T., Goossens, H., Canton, R., Roberts, A.P., Henriques-Normark, B., Clancy, C.J., Huttner, B., Fagerstedt, P., Lahiri, S., Kaushic, C., Hoffman, S.J., Warren, M., Zoubiane, G., Essack, S.Y., Laxminarayan, R. & Plant, L.  (2021).  Key considerations on the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on antimicrobial resistance research and surveillance Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 0: 1–8 https://doi.org.10.1093/trstmh/trab048

14. Rodríguez-Baño, J., Rossolini, G.M., Schultsz, C., Tacconelli, E., Murthy, S., Ohmagari, N., Holmes, A., Bachmann, T., Goossens, H., Canton, R., Roberts, A.P., Henriques-Normark, B., Clancy, C.J., Huttner, B., Fagerstedt, P., Lahiri, S., Kaushic, C., Hoffman, S.J., Warren, M., Zoubiane, G., Essack, S.Y., Laxminarayan, R. & Plant, L.  (2021).  AMR research in a post-pandemic world: Insights on antimicrobial resistance research in the COVID-19 pandemic.  Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2021.02.013.

15. Sineke, N., Asante, J., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Staphylococcus aureus in intensive pig production in South Africa: antibiotic resistance, virulence determinants, and clonality.  Pathogens 10, 317. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030317

16. Mbanga, J., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K. Allam, M., Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Genomic Insights of Multi-Drug Resistant Escherichia coli from Wastewater Sources and Their Association with Clinical pathogens in South Africa.   Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8, 137 https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.636715 

17. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Enterococcus Faecalis ST21 harbouring Tn 6009 Isolated from Carriage Sample in South Africa South African Medical Journal 111 (2), 98-99. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i2.15454

18. Asante, J., Hetsa, B., Amoako, D.G., Abia-Akebe, L.K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Multidrug-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci isolated from bloodstream in the uMgungundlovu District of KwaZu-lu-Natal Province in South Africa: Emerging Pathogens.  Antibiotics 10, 198 . https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020198

19. Abdalla, S.E., Abia, L.K., Amoako, D.G., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021). From farm-to-fork: E. coli from an intensive pig production system in South Africa shows high resistance to critically important antibiotics for human and animal use.  Antibiotics 10, 178. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020178

20. King, T.L., Schmidt, S. Thakur, S., Fedorka-Cray, P., Keelara, S., Harden, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2021) Resistome of a carbapenemase-producing novel ST232 Klebsiella michiganensis isolate from urban hospital effluent in South Africa, Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 24, 321-324.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2021.01.004

21. Estaleva, C.E.L., Zimba, T.F., Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, U., Chenia, H.Y., Simonsen, G.S., Haldorsen, B., Essack, S.Y. & Sundsfjord, A. (2021).  High prevalence of multidrug resistant ESBL- and plasmid mediated AmpC-producing clinical isolates of Escherichia coli at Maputo Central Hospital, Mozambique BMC Infectious Diseases 21,  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05696-y  

22. Founou, L.L., Founou, C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021) Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) ST221 Isolated in the Microbiome of Swine in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 111 (1) 5-6. 10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v111i1.15453

23. Abdalla, S., Abia, A., Amoako, D. & Essack, S. (2020). Assessment of the risk associated with exposure to diarrheagenic E. coli in intensive pig production workers in South Africa. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 101 (S1), 153-154 (published conference abstract) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.09.417

24. Mbanga, J., Abia, A.L.K.; Amoako, D.G & Essack, S.Y. (2020).  Quantitative microbial risk assessment for waterborne pathogens in a wastewater treatment plant and its receiving surface water body.  BMC Microbiology 20, 346 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12866-020-02036-7  

25. McIver, K.S., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Bester, L.A., Chenia, H.Y. & Essack, S.Y. (2020).  Molecular epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli from farm-to-fork in intensive poultry production in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Antibiotics  2020, 9(12), 850; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9120850

26. Morel, C., Alm, R., Ardal, C., Bandera, A., Bruno, G., Carrara, E., Colombo, G., de Kraker, M., Essack, S., Frost, I., Gonzalez-Zorn, H.B., Guardabassi, L., Harbarth, S., Jørgensen, P.S., Kanj, S., Kostyanev, T., Laxminarayan, R.,  Leonard, F., Levy Hara, G., Mendelson, M., Mikulska, M., Mutter, N.T., Outterson, K., Rodriguez Baňo, J., Tacconelli, E & Scudeller, L. A One Health framework to estimate the cost of antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 9, 187 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-020-00822-6 .

27. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Allam, M., Amoako, D., Akebe, L.K.A., Ismail, A., Singh, R., & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Comparative pathogenomic of Aeromonas veronii from pigs in South Africa: Dominance of the novel ST657 clone. Microorganisms 8 (12), 2008; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8122008

28. Kubone, P.Z., Mlisana, K.P., Govinden, U., Abia, A.L.K., Essack, S.Y. Antibiotic Susceptibility and Molecular Characterization of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli associated with Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Urban and Rural Settings in South Africa. Tropical Medicine 5(4), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5040176

29. Yaseen, M., Althaqafi, , Alshamrani, M., Alsaedi, A., Fayssal, F., Hameed, F., Mowallad, A., Tsenk, K. & Essack, S.Y.. (2020).  Assessing Effectiveness of Antibiotic Therapy against Gram-negative Bacteria in a Saudi Hospital using the Drug Resistance Index.  Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 41 (S1), S130-S131.  (published conference abstract) https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2020.640 

30. Orton, P., Nokes, K., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2020) Creating an instrument to measure perceptions about access to fealth-related higher education programmes in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education 34 (6): 185-200. https://doi.org/10.20853/34-6-3446

31. Essack, S., Bell, J., Burgoyne, D., Tongrod, W., Duerden,M., Sessa, A., Altiner, A. & Shephard, A. (2020). Point-of-care testing for pharyngitis in the pharmacy.  Antibiotics 9 (11), 743; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9110743

32. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2020) Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus ST25 Isolated from Carriage Samples in uMgungundlovu district, South Africa.  South African Medical Journal 110 (10); 959-60. https://doi.org/7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i10.15182

33. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2020). First Report of a Clinical Multi-Drug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST532 Isolate Harbouring Ciprofloxacin-Modifying Enzyme (CrpP) in South Africa. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance Sep, 22, 145-146 https://org/10.1016/j.jgar.2020.05.012 

34. Shobo C., Alisoltani, A., Abia, A.L.K., Mtshali, P.S., Ismail, A., Zishiri, O.T., Horn. J.D., Brysiewicz, P., Essack, S.Y. & Bester L. (2020). Bacterial diversity and functional profile of microbial populations on surfaces in public hospital environments in South Africa: a high throughput metagenomic analysis. Science of the Total Environment 719: 1 Jun, 137360 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137360

35. Maillard, J-Y., Bloomfield, S.F., Courvalin, P., Essack, S.Y., Gandra, S., Gerba, C.P., Rubino, J.R. & Scott, E.A. (2020) Reducing antibiotic prescribing and addressing the global problem of antibiotic resistance by targeted hygiene in the home and everyday life settings: A Position Paper .American Journal of Infection Control 48: 1090-99 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.04.011

36. Asante, J., Amoako, G., Abia-Akebe, L.K., Somboro, AM., Govinden, U., Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Review of Clinically and Epidemiologically Relevant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci in Africa. Microbial Drug Resistance 26(8):951-970. https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2019.0381 .

37. Rout, J., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2020). Residual fluid after IV infusion drug administration: risk of suboptimal dosing. British Journal of Nursing 29 (2): S6-S8 https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2020.29.2.S6

38. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Allam, M., Amoako, D., Akebe, L.K.A., Ismail, A., Singh, R.,Kisten, T., Swe Han, K., Muckart, D.J.J., Hardcastle, T., Suleman, & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Genomic analysis of Carbapenemase-producing Extensively Drug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates reveals the horizontal spread of p18-43_01 plasmid encoding blaNDM-1 in South Africa. Microorganisms Jan; 8(1): 137. Jan 17 https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010137

39. Khumalo, G., Desai, R., Xaba, X., Moshabela, M., Essack, S.Y. & Lutge, E. (2020). Prioritising health research in KwaZulu-Natal: has the research conducted met the research needs?. Health Research Policy and Systems 18, 32 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-020-0538-7

40. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Amoako, D., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Singh, R., Abia A.L.K. & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Pathogenomic Analysis of a Novel Extensively Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate (H2730R) Carrying a blaNDM-1 Carbapenemase in South Africa. Pathogens 9, 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9020089 

41. Pillay, S., Amoako, D.G., Abia-Akebe, L.K., Somboro, AM., Shobo, C. 0., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A., & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Characterisation of Campylobacter spp. Isolated from Poultry in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Antibiotics 9, 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9020042

42. Faife, S.L., Sekyere, J.O., Govinden, U., Zimba, T., Chenia, H.Y., Sundsfjord, A., and Essack, S.Y. (2020). β-Lactam and Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Enterobacteriaceae from Imported and Locally-Produced Chicken in Mozambique. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 14 (5): 471-478. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.10924

43. King, T., Essack, S.Y. & Schmidt S. (2019) Antibiotic resistant Klebsiella spp. from hospital, hospital effluents and wastewater treatment plants in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Science of the Total Environment 712, 135550 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135550

44. Chetty, S., Reddy, , Ramsamy,Y., Naidoo, A., Essack, S.Y. (2019), AMS in South Africa -A Scoping Review of the Published Literature. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy-Antimicrobial, Resistance 1 (3): Dec dlz060, https://doi.org/10.1093/jacamr/dlz060

45. Mbelle, N., Feldman, , Osei, J., Maningi, N.E., Modipane, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  The Resistome, Mobilome, Virulome and Phylogenomics of Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli Clinical Isolates from Pretoria, South Africa   Scientific Reports 9, 16457 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52859-2 

46. Mbelle, N., Osei, J., Feldman, C., Maningi, N.E., Modipane, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  Genomic Analysis of Two Drug-Resistant Clinical Morganella morganii Strains Isolated from UTI Patients in Pretoria, South Africa.  Letters in Applied Microbiology Oct 20. https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.13237.

47. Mbelle, N., Osei, , Amoako, D.G., Maningi, N.E., Modipane, L., Essack, S.Y & Feldman, C. (2019).  Genomic analysis of a multidrugresistant clinical Providencia rettgeri (PR002) strain with the novel integron ln1483 and an A/C plasmid replicon.  Annals of the New York Academy of Science Sept 23 http://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14237   

48. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2020) Draft Genome Sequence of a Clinical Acinetobacter haemolyticus A109R1B4 Isolated from South Africa.  Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 20: 16-17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2019.10.015

49. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Genome mining and comparative pathogenomic analysis of an endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clone, ST612-CC8-t1257-SCCmec_IVd(2B), isolated in South Africa.  Pathogens 8(4). pii: E166. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8040166  

50. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Abattoir Worker in Cameroon.  South African Medical Journal 109(11):820-821. 7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i11.14378  

51. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, Perrett, K., Molechan, C., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Antibiotic  Resistance of Staphylococcus Aureus From Poultry And Poultry Products In Umgungundlovu District, South Africa Using The ‘Farm To Fork’ Approach. Microbial Drug Resistance Oct 24. http://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2019.0201 

52. Rout, J., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2019). Are Nursing Infusion Practices Delivering Full Dose Antimicrobial Treatment? Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Aug 25. pii: dkz365. http://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz365 .

53. Molechan, C., Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Molecular epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus spp.  from the farm-to-fork continuum in intensive poultry production in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Science of the Total Environment 692: 868-878 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.324

54. Agyepong, N., Amoako, D., Govinden, U., Owusu-Ofori, A., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Pedersen, T., Sunsdfjord, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Whole-Genome Sequences of Two Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from Patients with Urinary Tract Infections in Ghana. Microbiology Resource Announcements Aug 1;8(31). pii: e00270-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00270-19

55. Shobo C., Amoako, D., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Essack, S.Y. & Bester L. (2019). Genome Sequence of Novel Sequence Type 922, a Multidrug-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis Strain isolated from the Door Handle in an Intensive Care Unit of a District hospital in Durban, South Africa. Microbiology Resource Announcement 8:e00582-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00582-19

56. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequence of a Drug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strain SA9, Isolated from a Slaughterhouse Chicken Carcass in South Africa. Microbiology Resource Announcement Jun 13;8(24). pii: e00489-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00489-19

57. Agyepong, N., Amoako, D., Govinden, U., Owusu-Ofori, A., Allam, M., Jessin, J.P., Pedersen, T., Sunsdfjord, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Genomic characterization of multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from a Ghanaian teaching hospital.  International Journal of Infectious Diseases 85: 117-123.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.05.025

58. Asante, J., Govinden, , Owusu-Ofori, A., Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  Molecular characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus from a hospital in Ghana.   African Journal of Clinical and Experimental  Microbiology. 20 (3): 164-174 10.4314/ajcem.v20i3.1

59. Ntshobeni, N., Allam, , Ismail, A., Amoako, D., Essack, S.Y. & Chenia, H. (2019).  Draft genome sequence of Providencia rettgeri APW139_S1, an NDM-18-producing clinical strain originating from hospital effluent in South Africa.  Microbiology Resources Announcements 8:e00259-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00259-19

60. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Whole Genome Sequencing of Extended Spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Hospitalized Patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Scientific Reports 9, 6266 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42672-2   

61. Essack, S.Y., Bell, J., Burgoyne, D., Deurden, M. & Shephard, A. (2019). Topical (Local) Antibiotics for Respiratory Infections with Sore Throat: An Antibiotic Stewardship Perspective. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics Practice 44(6):829-837 https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.13012

62. Founou, L.L., Founou, C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Genome Analysis of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from Pigs: Emergence of the Clonal Lineage ST398 in Cameroon and South Africa.  Zoonosis & Public Health 66: 512-525 https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12586

63. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Genomic Analysis of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Poultry and Occupational Farm Workers in uMgungundlovu District, South Africa. Science of the Total Environment 670: 704-716. https://doi.org/1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.110

64. Amoako, G.G., Osei Sekyere, J., Moodley, K., Bester, L., Somboro, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Tet (M) mediates tetracycline resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates from the Private Hospital Sector in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa.  Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 13(1), March 2019 https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.13.1

65. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Ntshobeni, N., Govinden, U., Bester, L., Chenia, H., Djoko, C. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Emergence and Spread of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase -Producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in Pigs and Exposed Workers: A Multicenter Comparative Study Between Cameroon and South Africa. Pathogens 8 (10) https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8010010 

66. Somboro, A., Sekyere, O., Amoako, D., Kumalo, H., Khan, R., Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) In Vitro Potentiation of Carbapenems with Tannic Acid Against Carbapenemase Producing Enterobacteriaceae: Exploring Natural Products as Potential Carbapenemase Inhibitors. Journal of Applied Microbiology 126 (2): 452-467. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.14141

67. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Genomic Characterization Klebsiella michiganensis Co-producing OXA-181 And NDM-1 Carbapenemases Isolated from a Cancer Patient in uMgungundlovu District, South Africa.  South African Medical Journal 109 (1):7-8. https://doi.org/7196/SAMJ.2018.v109i1.13696 

68. Somboro, A., Amoako, G.G., Sekyere, J.O., Kumalo, J.M., Khan, R., Bester, L.A. & Essack S.Y. (2019). TACN (1, 4, 7-Triazacyclononane) restores the activity of β-lactam antibiotics against Metallo-b-Lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae: The exploration of potential Metallo-beta-Lactamase inhibitors.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology; 85 (3) e02077-18 https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02077-18 

69. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018). Genomic Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus ST121 Isolated from Hospitalized Patients in South Africa.  South African Medical Journal 108 (12): 1007-8. https://doi.org/7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i12.13713 

70. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018). Draft Genome Sequences of Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing -Enterobacter aerogenes Isolates from Swine and Humans. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 14: 70-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2018.06.006

71. Somboro, A., Sekyere, J.O., Amoako, D., Essack, S.Y. & Bester, L. (2018). Diversity and proliferation of metallo-β-lactamases: a clarion call for clinically effective metallo-β-lactamase inhibitors" Applied and Environmental Microbiology 84 (18): e00698-18. https://doi.org/1128/AEM.00698-18 

72. Agoba, E.E., Govinden, U., Peer, A.K., Osei Sekyere, J. & Essack, S.Y. (2018)  ISAba1 regulated OXA-23 and ADC-mediated carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii from the private sector in Durban, South Africa. Microbial Drug Resistance 24 (9):1289-1295. https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2017.0172.

73. Ramsamy, Y., Patel, M., Sartorius, B., Essack, S.Y. & Mlisana K. (2018) Antibiotic resistance trends of ESKAPE pathogens in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: a 5-year retrospective analysis. African Journal of Laboratory Medicine 7 (2): a887. https://doi.org/4102/ajlm.v7i2.887

74. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Singh, R., Amoako, D. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Whole-genome Sequence of Novel Sequence Type 3136 Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (KZ00361153) Isolated from a Hospitalized Patient in Durban, South Africa Microbiology Resource Announcements 7 (23): e01300-18 https://doi.org/1128/MRA.01300-18

75. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Extended Spectrum Beta-lactamase Mediated Resistance in Carriage and Clinical Gram-Negative ESKAPE Bacteria: A Comparison Between a District and Tertiary Hospital in South Africa. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control 7: 134.  https://doi.org/1186/s13756-018-0423-0

76. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Draft Genome Sequence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis Isolate from Swine. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 15: 250-1. https://doi.org/1016/j.jgar.2018.10.016

77. Mahaluça, F.A., Essack S., & Sacarlal J (2018) Antibacterial Resistance Patterns of WHO List of Essential Antibiotics Adopted by Mozambique. Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 4: 183. https://doi.org/10.4172/2472-1212.1000183

78. Mahaluça F.A., Sacarlal & Essack S (2018) The Etiology of Hospital Infections in the Intensive Care Unit of a Reference Hospital in Southern Mozambique. Clinical Microbiology 7: 319. https://doi.org/10.4172/2327-5073.1000319

79. Essack, S.Y. (2018). Antibiotic Resistance and One Health: a mapping project.  The Lancet Global Health 6 (S27): 27. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30156-6 

80. Essack, S.Y. (2018). Global Antibiotic Resistance: Of Contagion, Confounders and the COM-B Model.  Lancet Planetary Health 2 (9) e376-377. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(18)30187-6

81. Mbelle, N., Feldman, C., Osei, J., Modipane, L., Maningi, N.E., & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Resistance mutations and sequence types associated with extended spectrum beta lactamase, quinolone and aminoglycoside resistance in Enterobacteriaceae from South Africa.  International Journal of Infectious Diseases 73:105-6 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.04.3659

82. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Draft Genome Sequence of an Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase (CTX-M-15) producing Escherichia coli ST10 Isolated from a Nasal Sample of an Abattoir Worker in Cameroon. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 14: 68-69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2018.06.004

83. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli Harbouring mcr-1 Gene Isolated from Pigs in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 108 (10): 796-7. 7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i10.13508

84. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Essack, S.Y. and Djoko, C. (2018). Mannitol-Fermenting Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci (MRS) in Pig Abattoirs in Cameroon and South Africa: A Serious Food Safety Threat.  International Journal of Food Microbiology 285: 50-60. https://doi.org/1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2018.07.006

85. Founou, L.L., Amoako, D.G., Founou, R.C. and Essack, S.Y. (2018) Antibiotic resistance in food animals in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Microbial Drug Resistance 24 (5): 648-665. https://doi.org/1089/mdr.2017.0383 

86. Chirindze, L.M., Zimba, F., Sekyere, J.O., Govinden, U., Chenia, H.Y., Sundsfjord, A., Essack, S.Y., Simonsen, G.S. (2018) Faecal Colonization of E. coli and Klebsiella spp. Producing Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases and Plasmid-Mediated AmpC in Mozambican University Students BMC Infectious Diseases 18: 244 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3154-1

87. Essack, S.Y. (2018). Environment: the neglected component of the One Health triad.  Lancet Planetary Health 6(2) e238-e239. https://doi.org/1016/S2542-5196(18)30124-4

88. Pedersen, T., Sekyere, J.O., Govinden, U., Moodley, K., Sivertsen, A., Samuelsen, O., Essack, S. & Sundsfjord, A. (2018).  Spread of Plasmid-Encoded NDM-1 and GES-5 Carbapenemases among Extensively Drug-Resistant and Pan-drug-Resistant Clinical Enterobacteriaceae in Durban, South Africa.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 62(5). pii: e02178-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02178-17

89. Agyepong, N., Govinden, U., Owusu-Ofori, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018). Infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram negative bacterial pathogens from a teaching hospital in Ghana.  Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 7: 37 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-018-0324-2

90. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Genome Sequencing of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Pigs and Abattoir Workers in Cameroon.  Frontiers in Microbiology 9; 188 3389/fmicb.2018.00188 

91. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L. & Essack, S.Y. (2017) Clinical and economic impact of antibiotic resistance in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  PLoS ONE 12(12): e0189621. https://doi.org/1371/journal.pone.0189621

92. Essack, S.Y., Bell, J. & Shephard, A (2017). Community pharmacists – leaders for antibiotic stewardship in respiratory tract infections amongst prescribers and patients.  Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics Practice https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12650

93. Naidoo, A., Naidoo, K., McIlleron, H., Essack, S.Y. & Padayatchi, N. (2017). A review of moxifloxacin for the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 57 (11): 1369-1386. https://doi.org/1002/jcph.968  

94. Naidoo, A., Chirehwa, M., McIlleron, H., Naidoo, K., Essack, S.Y., Yende-Zuma, N., a; Kimba, P. E. Adamson, J., Govender, K., Padayatchi, N. & Denti, P. (2017) Effect of rifampicin and efavirenz on moxifloxacin concentrations when co-administered in patients with drug susceptible tuberculosis. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 72 (5): 1441-1449. https://doi.org/1093/jac/dkx004

95. Adjei, C. B., Govinden, U., Moodley K. and Essack, S.Y. (2017) Molecular Characterization of Multidrug-Resistant P. aeruginosa from a Private Hospital in Durban, South Africa.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 4(1): 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v33i2.19 

96. Schellack, N., Benjamin, D., Brink, A., Duse, A., Faure, K., Goff, D., Mendelson, M., Meyer, J., Miot, J., Perovic, O., Pople, T., Suleman, F., van Vuuren, M. & Essack, S.Y. (2017) A situational analysis of current antimicrobial governance, regulation and utilisation in South Africa. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 64: 100-106. https://doi.org/1016/j.ijid.2017.09.002

97. Abotsi, R.E., Govinden, U. & Essack, S.Y. (2017). Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance in Haemophilus parainfluenzae.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 32 (3): 111-114. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v32i3.49 

98. Abotsi, R.E., Govinden, U., Moodley, K. & Essack, S.Y. (2017) Fluoroquinolone, Macrolide and Ketolide Resistance in Haemophilus parainfluenzae from South Africa.  Microbial Drug Resistance 2 96): 667-673. https://doi.org/1089/mdr.2016.0045

99. Abotsi, R.E., Govinden, U., Moodley, K. & Essack, S.Y. (2017). Emerging Fluoroquinolone and Ketolide Resistance in Haemophilus parainfluenzae in South Africa. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 11(4): 364-7. https://doi.org/3855/jidc.8241

100. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C. and Essack, S.Y. (2016). Antibiotic Resistance in the Food Chain: A Developing Country Perspective. Frontiers in Microbiology (published online 23 Nov 2016 doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01881

101. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, U. & Essack. (2016). Comparison of Existing Phenotypic and Genotypic Tests for the Detection of NDM and GES Carbapenemase- Producing Enterobacteriaceae. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 10 (4): 2585-2591 http://dx.doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.10.4.14

102. Shobo, B., Bester, L., Baijnath, S., Somboro, A., Peer, A.K. & Essack, S.Y. (2016) Antibiotic resistant profiles of Campylobacter species in the private sector in South-Africa. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 10 (11): 1214-1221.  https://doi.org/3855/jidc.8165 

103. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, , Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2016) Colistin and Tigecycline Resistance In Carbapenemase-Producing Gram Negative Bacteria: Emerging Resistance Mechanisms And Detection Methods. Journal of Applied Microbiology 121 (3): 601-17. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13169

104. Essack, S.Y., Desta, A.T., Abotsi R.E.& Agoba, E.E. (2016) Antimicrobial Resistance in the WHO African Region – Current Status and Roadmap for Action. Journal of Public Health 39 (1): 8-13. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw015

105. Pareko, D.D., Lubbe, M.S. & Essack, S.Y. Surveillance of Antibiotic Use in the private sector in Namibia using sales and claims data Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 10 (11): 1243-1249. https://doi.org/3855/jidc.7329  

106. Bester L.A., Phulukdaree , Khan, N & Essack S.Y. (2016). Efficacy of Phenotypic, PCR and MALDI-ToF Identification Methods for Campylobacter spp. Medical Technology SA 30 (1): 31-33. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/59124

107. Najjuka, C.F., Kateete, D.P., Kajumbula, H.M., Joloba, M.L. & Essack, S.Y. (2016). Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profiles of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from Outpatients in Urban and Rural Districts of Uganda. BMC Research Notes 9:235 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-016-2049-8.

108. Azumah, R., Dutta, , Somboro, A.M., Ramtahal, M., Chonco, L., Parboosing, R., Bester, L.A., Kruger, H.G., Naicker, T., Essack, S.Y. and Govender, T. (2016). In vitroevaluation of metal chelators as potential metallo- β -lactamase inhibitors. Journal of Applied Microbiology 120: 860–867. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13085   

109. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, & Essack, S.Y. (2016). The Molecular Epidemiology and Genetic Environment of Carbapenemases Detected in Africa. Microbial Drug Resistance 22 (1) 59-68 )  https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2015.0053

110. Amoako, D.G., Bester, L.A., Somboro, A.M., Baijnath, S., Govind, C.N. & Essack, S.Y. (2016) Plasmid-mediated resistance and virulence mechanisms in the private health sector in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: An investigation of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates collected during a three month period. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 46: 38-41.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2016.03.019

111. Pareko, D.D., Lubbe, S. & Essack, S.Y. (2015) Public knowledge attitudes and behaviour towards antibiotic usage in Windhoek, Namibia.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases. 30 (4): 27-29.   https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2015.1107290

112. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, U. & Essack, S.Y. (2015). Review of Established and Innovative Detection Methods for Carbapenemase-Producing Gram-negative Bacteria. Journal of Applied Microbiology 119: 1219-1233 https://doi.org/1111/jam.12918

113. Altiner, A., Bell. J., Duerden, M., Essack, S.Y., Koslov, R., Oxford, J., Pignatari, A.C., Sessa, A & van der Velden, A. (2015) More Action, less resistance: report of the 2014 summit of the Global Respiratory Infection Partnership. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 23: 370-377.  https://doi.org/1111/ijpp.12177  

114. Pareko, D.D., Lubbe, M.S. & Essack, S.Y. (2015) Antibiotic Use in Namibia: Prescriber Practices for Common Community Infections.  South African Family Practice 57 (4): 231-235. https://doi.org/10.1080/20786190.2015.1024021

115. Somboro, A., Tiwari, D., Bester, L., Parboosing, R., Chonco, L., Kruger, H.G., Arvidsson, P., Govender, T., Naicker, T. & Essack, S. Y. (2015) NOTA: A potent metallo-β-lactamase inhibitor. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 70 (5): 1594-6. https://doi.org/1093/jac/dku538

116. Dutta, J., Ramesh, S., Radebe, S.M., Somboro, A.M., de la Torre, B. G., Kruger, H.G., Essack, S.Y., Albericio, F. & Govender, T. (2015) Optimized microwave assisted synthesis of LL37, a cathelicidin human antimicrobial peptide. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 21: 13-20 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10989-014-9439-3

117. Mhlongo, N., Govinden, and Essack, S.Y. (2015) NDM-1, novel TEM-205, novel TEM-213 and other ESBLS co-expressed in isolates from cystic fibrosis patients. Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 30 (3): 102-6.  https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2015.1074441

118. Chunnilall, D., Peer, A.K., Naidoo, I. & Essack, S.Y. (2015). An evaluation of antibiotic prescribing patterns in a private hospital ICU in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South African Journal of Infectious Diseases 30 (1): 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2015.1103956

119. Somboro A.M., Tiwari, D., Shobo, A., Bester, L., Kruger, H.G., Govender, T. & Essack, S.Y. (2014). Evaluation of MALDI Biotyping for rapid sub-species identification of carbapenemase-producing bacteria via protein profiling.  Mass Spectrometry Letters 5 (4): 110-14. https://doi.org/10.5478/MSL.2014.5.4.110  

120. Mhlongo, N., Govinden, , Egner, J. and Essack, S.Y. (2014) Demographic and microbiological profile of cystic fibrosis in Durban, South Africa. African Journal of Microbiology Research 8(33): 3118-3122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.03.616   

121. Naidoo, U., Flack, P., Naidoo, I and Essack, S.Y. 2014. Secondary school factors relating to academic success in first-year Health Science students. South African Journal of Higher Education 28(4): 1332-1343 https://doi.org/10.20853/28-4-385

122. Higgins-Opitz, S.B., Tufts, M., Naidoo, I. & Essack, S.Y. 2014 Perspectives of student performance in the Health Sciences: how do physiology and professional modules compare? South African Journal of Higher Education 28 (2): 436-454 https://doi.org/10.20853/28-2-336

123. Essack, S.Y. & Naidoo, 2013. Teaching and Learning Indicators in University Rankings.  South African Journal of Higher Education 27 (1): 42-47 https://doi.org/10.20853/27-1-232

124. Essack S. Human Resources for Health – Challenges and Solutions. PHASA newsletter February 2013. http://www.phasa.org.za/human-resources-for-health-challenges-and-solutions/

125. Essack, S.Y. & Pignatari, C. (2013). A framework for the non-antibiotic management of upper respiratory tract infections: towards a global change in antibiotic resistance. International Journal of Clinical Practice 67 (Suppl 180): 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12335

126. J., Duerden, M., Altiner, A., Sessa., A & van der Velden, A in collaboration with the GRIP - Professor Attila Altiner (Germany), Mr John Bell (Australia), Dr Martin Duerden (UK), Professor Sabiha Essack (South Africa), Professor Roman Kozlov (Russia), Professor John Oxford (UK), Professor Antonio Carlos Pignatari (Brazil), Dr Aurelio Sessa (Italy), Dr Alike van der Velden (Netherlands). (2013). Sore throat management: effective healthcare provider-patient communication meets appropriate diagnosis, self-management and improved antibiotic use. International Journal of Clinical Practice 67 (Suppl 180): 10-16. 10.1111/ijcp.12336

127. Oxford, J & Kozlov, R in collaboration with the GRIP: Professor Attila Altiner (Germany), Mr John Bell (Australia), Dr Martin Duerden (UK), Professor Sabiha Essack (South Africa), Professor Roman Kozlov (Russia), Professor John Oxford (UK), Professor Antonio Carlos Pignatari (Brazil), Dr Aurelio Sessa (Italy), Dr Alike van der Velden (Netherlands) (2013). Antibiotic resistance, a call to arms for primary healthcare providers. International Journal of Clinical Practice 67 (Suppl 180): 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12334

128. van der Velden, A., Duerden, M., Bell, J., Oxford, J., Altiner, A., Kozlov, R., Sessa, A., Pignatari, A. & Essack, S. (2013) Prescriber and patient responsibilities in treatment of acute respiratory tract infections – essential for ’conservation of antibiotics. Antibiotics 2: 316-327 3390/antibiotics2020316

129. Essack, S.Y. Translating Equitable Access into Retention and Success in African Higher Education: The Role and Responsibility of Individual Institutions.  Journal of Higher Education in Africa 10 (2): 47-62[1] https://codesria.org/IMG/pdf/3-_Essack.pdf

130. Essack, S.Y., Naidoo, I., Oosthuizen, F., Bodenstein, J., Brysiewicz, P. and Suleman, F. Quality Teaching and Learning in the Health Sciences.  South African Journal of Higher Education 26 (5): 960-972 https://doi.org/10.20853/26-5-203

131. Essack, S.Y. Models for Increasing the Health Workforce.  South African Medical Journal 102 (11): 830-2. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.5779

132. Essack, S.Y., Wedekind, and Naidoo, I. 2012. Selection Tools Predictive of Success in the Health Sciences - NATED vs. NSC Students.  South African Journal of Higher Education 26 (3): 472-486.  https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/EJC136744 

133. Bester, L. and Essack, S.Y. 2012. Observational study of the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Campylobacter s from different poultry production systems in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of Food Protection 1: 154-159 https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-237

134. Arbee, R., Mahes, N., Mankahla, U., Naroth, A., Suleman, F. and Essack, S.Y. 2012. Status of Infection Control in Public Hospitals in Kwa-Zulu Natal. South African Pharmaceutical Journal 79 (3) 32-35 http://www.sapj.co.za/index.php/SAPJ/article/view/1278

135. Essack, S.Y. and Connolly, C. Treatment Guidelines and Nosocomial Infections – The South African Experience.  African Journal of Microbiology Research 5 (20): 3122-3125.  https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR10.346

136. Levy-Hara, G., Amabile-Cuevas, C., Gould, I., Hutchinson, J., Abbo, L., Saxynger, L., Vliege, E., Lopes Cardoso, F.L., Methar, S., Kanj, S., Ohmagari, N., Harbath, S., Aiken, A., Alnimr, A., Bavestrello, L., Carlet, J., Dreser, A., Essack, S., Hsueh, P-R., Ismail, N., Kaddu-Mulindwa, D., Kolmos, J.H., Mochizuki, T., Ndwega, L., Odio, C., Peredo, M.A., Vega, S., Viswanathan., R. and Wertheim, H. 2011. “Ten Commandments” for the appropriate use of antibiotics by the practicing physician in an outpatient setting. Frontiers in Microbiology 2: 1-7 https://doi.org/ 3389/fmicb.2011.00230

137. Essack, S.Y., Schellack, N., Pople, T., van der Merwe, L., Suleman, F., Meyer, J.C., Gous, A.G.S and Benjamin, D. 2011. Antibiotic supply chain and management in human health. South African Medical Journal. 101: 562-566. http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0256-95742011000800030

138. Holloway, K., Mathai, E., Gray, A., Chandy, S., Essack, S.Y., Gous, A., Joseph, I., Koppikar, G.V., Kotwani, A., Kulkarni, R., Mathai, M., Matthews, J., Pochee, E., Sturm, A.W., Thatte, U., Thomas, K., and Wattal, C. 2011. Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in resource-constrained settings - experience from five pilot projects. Tropical Medicine and International Health 16 (3) 368-374 https://doi.org/1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02696.x

139. Holloway, K., Mathai, , Gray, A., Chandy, S., Essack, S.Y., Gous, A., Joseph, I., Koppikar, G.V., Kotwani, A., Kulkarni, R., Mathai, M., Matthews, J., Pochee, E., Sturm, A.W., Thatte, U., Thomas, K., and Wattal, C. 2011. Surveillance of community antimicrobial use in resource-constrained settings - experience from five pilot projects. Tropical Medicine and International Health 16 (2) 152-161 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02695.x

140. Essack, S.Y., Naidoo, I. and Barnes, G. 2010. Government Funding as Leverage for Quality Teaching and Learning. Journal of Higher Education and Management Policy, 22 (3): 1-13. https://doi.org/1787/hemp-22-5km39qsftr0x

141. Bester, L. and Essack, Y. 2010. Antibiotic Resistance via the Food Chain: Fact or Fiction.  South African Journal of Science 106: 1-5. http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0038-23532010000500007

142. Mocktar, C, Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. 2009. Complexity and diversity of beta-lactamase expression in inhibitor resistant Escherichia coli from public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection.  24: 29-33. https://doi.org/10.1080/10158782.2009.11441359

143. Essa, Z.I., Connolly, C. and Essack, S.Y. Staphylococcus aureus from Public Hospitals in Kwa-Zulu-Natal, South Africa – Infection Detection and Strain Typing. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection. 24:4-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/10158782.2009.11441332

144. Essack, S.Y. and Uys L.R. Health Research in South Africa- Are we meeting the need? South African Journal of Higher Education.  23 (2): 264-274. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC37531

145. Essack, S.Y., Barnes, , Jackson, L., Majozi, M., McInerney, P., Mtshali, N., Naidoo, I., Oosthuizen, F. and Suleman. F. 2009. Maximizing Income via the Higher Education Funding Framework in Health Sciences. South African Journal of Higher Education 23 (2): 275-292. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC37530

146. Govinden, U., Mocktar, , Moodley, P., Sturm AW and Essack, S.Y. 2009. Detection of mutations in the gyrA of clinical Salmonella spp. African Journal of Biotechnology. 8:3011-3014. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/62079

147. Bester, L and Essack, S.Y. Prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter isolates from commercial poultry suppliers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 62 (6):1298-1300.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkn408

148. Mocktar C., Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. 2008. The effect of mutations in the AmpC promoter region on β-lactam resistance from an Escherichia coli clinical isolate from a patient in a public sector hospital in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.  African Journal of Biotechnology.  7: 2547-2550. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/59088

149. Govinden, U., Mocktar, C., Moodley, P., Sturm AW and Essack, S.Y. 2008. Characterization of ESBLs in Salmonella spp. at a tertiary hospital in Durban South Africa. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 62: 86-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2008.04.014

150. Mocktar C, Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. 2008. CMY-20, a novel AmpC-type b-lactamase from South African clinical Escherichia coli Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 60: 405-8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2007.11.009

151. Govinden U, Mocktar C, Moodley P,Sturm A W and Essack SY. Geographical evolution of the CTX-M β-lactamase – an update.  African Journal of Biotechnology, 6: 831-839. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/56913

152. Mocktar C, Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. TEM-145 and TEM-146 β-lactamases produced by Escherichia coli isolates from state hospitals in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.  African Journal of Biotechnology, 6: 493-496. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/56857

153. Bester L.A. and Essack S.Y. Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter isolates from poultry in KwaZulu-Natal. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection; 22: 53 (conference abstract).

154. Govinden, U., Mocktar, C., Moodley, P., Sturm A.W. and Essack, S.Y. CTX-M-37 in Salmonella enterica serotype Isangi from Durban South Africa.  International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 28: 288-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2006.05.028.

155. Essack, S.Y. Strategies for the Prevention and Containment of Antibiotic Resistance.  South African Family Practice, 48: 51. https://doi.org/10.1080/20786204.2006.10873321

156. Essack, S.Y., Connolly, C and Sturm, A.W. Antibiotic use and resistance in public sector hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. South African Medical Journal, 95:865-870. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16344884/  

157. Gray, A. and Essack S.Y. Monitoring antibiotic use and resistance – a pilot project in South Africa.  Essential Drugs Monitor, 34: 20

158. Govender, S., Pillay, V., Chetty, D.J., Essack, S. Y. and Govender, T. Optimization and characterization of bioadhesive controlled release tetracycline microspheres.  International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 306 (1-2): 24-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2005.07.026

159. Essack, S.Y. b-Lactamases – An Overview.  Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 19:106-114.

160. Essack, S.Y., Hall, M.C. and Livermore, D.M. 2004. Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate from South Africa with multiple TEM, SHV and AmpC b-lactamases. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 23: 398-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2003.08.010

161. Essack SY. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases: epidemiology, identification, treatment options and strategies to prevent emergence and dissemination. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 17: 6-11.

162. Essack SY. 2001 The development of b-Lactam antibiotics in response to the Evolution of b-lactamases. Pharmaceutical Research, 18:1391-9. https://doi.org/1023/a:1012272403776

163. Essack, S.Y., Hall, L.M.C., Livermore, D.M., Mcfadyen, M.L. and Pillay, D.G. 2001. Complexity and diversity of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains with extended-spectrum b-lactamases isolated in 1994 and 1996 at a teaching hospital in Durban, South Africa. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 45:88-95. https://doi.org/1128/AAC.45.1.88-95.2001

164. Essack, S.Y. 2000. Unprecedented Resistance to b-Lactam Antibiotics Evident in Durban, South Africa - Surveillance-Based Antibiotic Policies Imperative! Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 15:48-50.

165. Essack, S.Y. 2000. Laboratory detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases (ESBLs) – the need for a reliable, reproducible method. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 37: 293-295. https://doi.org/11016/s0732-8893(00)00152-8 .

166. Essack, S.Y., Hall, L.M.C., Pillay, D.G., Mcfadyen, M.L. and Livermore, D.M. Complexity and diversity of extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Durban, South Africa. In Programme and Abstracts of the 40th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy Toronto, Canada, 2000, Poster C1995, p. 121. American Society for Microbiology, Washington DC.

167. Essack, S.Y. 2000. Treatment options for extended-spectrum blactamase ESBL-producers. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 190: 181-184. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2000.tb09283.x

168. Essack, S.Y., Gounder, , Jamnadas, S., Naicker, V., Naidoo, K. and Rashid, Z. 2000. A staphylococcal carrier study among health sciences students trained in hospitals in Durban, South Africa. Medical Science Research, 28: 135-136.

169. Essack, S.Y., Hall, L.M.C., Livermore, D.M. and Pillay, D.G. 1998. TEM-62 and TEM-63, novel b-lactamases isolated in South African nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates. In Programme and Abstracts of the 38th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy San Diego, California, 1998, Paper C9, p. 71. American Society for Microbiology, Washington DC.

170. Essack, S.Y., Ally, F.B., Paraw, A. and Pather, P. 1996. Perception of the Pharmacist. South African Pharmaceutical Journal, 63: 45-46.

171. Essack, S.Y., Badat, A.H., Barmania, Z. and Naidoo, R. 1995. Immunisation Status in Informal Settlements in South Africa. Medical Science Research, 23: 287.

172. Essack, S.Y., Alexander, M. and Pillay, B. 1995. Synergism of piperacillin/lithium clavulanate in Enterobacter aerogenes producing multiple ß-lactamases. Medical Science Research, 23: 17-18.

173. Essack, S.Y., Alexander, M. and Pillay, B. 1994. A "novel" plasmid-mediated, class I-type ß-lactamase isolated in Klebsiella pneumoniae in Durban, South Africa. Medical Science Research, 22: 797-798.

[1] Non-SAPSE/ISI journals are indicated with an asterisk (*)

[2] Reprinted with permission from the Institute for International Education.  The original version is cited as: Essack, S.Y.  2010.  Translating Equitable Access into Retention and Success in African Higher Education: The Role and Responsibility of Individual Institutions.  In O’Hara, S. (Ed) Higher Education in Africa: Equity, Access, Opportunity, Institute of International Education, New York, New York, pp 15-29.

Book Chapters 

Essack, S.Y.   Translating Equitable Access into Retention and Success in African Higher Education: The Role and Responsibility of Individual Institutions.  In O’Hara, S. (Ed) Higher Education in Africa: Equity, Access, Opportunity, Institute of International Education, New York, New York, pp 15-29.

Dissertation 

  1. PhD (Health Sciences) (2000)
    • Characterisation of ß-Lactamases in a South African, Nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolates.
    • Supervisors: Professor M.L. McFadyen (SA) and Dr L.M.C. Hall (UK)
  1. M. Pharm (awarded cum laude in 1994)
    • Resistance Mechanisms of Enterobacteriaceae to ß-Lactam Antibiotics as Criteria for Improved Antibiotic Formulations
    • Supervisors: Ms D.M. Alexander and Professor B Pillay
  •  

Technical Reports 

  1. Presidency of South Africa (2020). Chapter1.1: The health sector response to the Covid-19 pandemic in South Africa. Interim Country report. Department of Planning Monitoring and Evaluation, in partnership with Government Technical Advisory Centre and National Research Foundation.
  2. Essack, S.Y. (2015) Rational Use of Antibiotics in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Desktop Review.  WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean
  3. Essack, S.Y. (2016) Report on: WHO AFRO National Focal Point Workshop:  Development and Implementation of NAPs for the Prevention and Containment of AMR Using the One Health Approach.    WHO Regional Office for Africa.
  4. Essack, S.Y. & Faure, K. (2017) Report on: 2ND WHO AFRO AMR National Focal Point Workshop: Development and Implementation of National Action Plans for the Prevention and Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance using the One Health Approach.  Brazzaville, WHO Regional Office for Africa.
  5. Essack, S.Y. (2017) Report on: WHO AFRO Train-the-Trainer Workshop:  Development and Implementation of National Action Plans for the Prevention and Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance using the One Health Approach.  Brazzaville, WHO Regional Office for Africa.
  6. Essack, S.Y. (2017). Antibiotic Use and Resistance in Botswana: A Literature Review.  Botswana, WHO Country Office for Botswana.

Human Health

  1. Shobo C., Essack, S.Y. & Bester L. (2021). Enterococcal contamination of hospital environments in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of Applied Microbiology JAM-2020-2478.R1 (accepted pending corrections). 
  2. Rout, J., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2021). Guideline Recommendations for Antimicrobial Stewardship Education for Clinical Nursing Practice in Hospitals: A Scoping Review. Southern African Journal of Critical Care Ref.: SAJCC482R1 (in press).
  3. Jesson, J., Agyepong, N., Owusu-Ofori, A., Govinden, U., Essack, S.Y., Samuelsen, O., Sunsdfjord, A. & Pedersen, T. (2021).  Carbapenem-resistance determinants acquired through novel chromosomal integrations in 2 XDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 3 May 1128/AAC.00289-21 
  4. Phiri, A.F.N.D., Abia, A.L.K., Amoako, D.G., Mkakosya, R., Sundsfjord, A., Essack, S.Y. and Simonsen, G.S.  (2021).  Burden, antibiotic resistance, and clonality of Shigella spp. implicated in community-acquired acute diarrhoea in Lilongwe, Malawi .  Tropical Medicine , 6, 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6020063 
  5. Balliram, R., Sibanda, W. and Essack, S.Y.  (2021).The Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Doctors, Pharmacists and Nurses on Antimicrobials, Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Stewardship in South Africa.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 36 (1): a262 https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v36i1.262 
  6. Rodríguez-Baño, J., Rossolini, G.M., Schultsz, C., Tacconelli, E., Murthy, S., Ohmagari, N., Holmes, A., Bachmann, T., Goossens, H., Canton, R., Roberts, A.P., Henriques-Normark, B., Clancy, C.J., Huttner, B., Fagerstedt, P., Lahiri, S., Kaushic, C., Hoffman, S.J., Warren, M., Zoubiane, G., Essack, S.Y., Laxminarayan, R. & Plant, L.  (2021).  Key considerations on the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on antimicrobial resistance research and surveillance Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 0: 1–8 https://doi.org.10.1093/trstmh/trab048 
  7. Rodríguez-Baño, J., Rossolini, G.M., Schultsz, C., Tacconelli, E., Murthy, S., Ohmagari, N., Holmes, A., Bachmann, T., Goossens, H., Canton, R., Roberts, A.P., Henriques-Normark, B., Clancy, C.J., Huttner, B., Fagerstedt, P., Lahiri, S., Kaushic, C., Hoffman, S.J., Warren, M., Zoubiane, G., Essack, S.Y., Laxminarayan, R. & Plant, L.  (2021).  AMR research in a post-pandemic world: Insights on antimicrobial resistance research in the COVID-19 pandemic.  Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2021.02.013.
  8. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Enterococcus Faecalis ST21 harbouring Tn 6009 Isolated from Carriage Sample in South Africa South African Medical Journal 111 (2), 98-99. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2021.v111i2.15454
  9. Asante, J., Hetsa, B., Amoako, D.G., Abia-Akebe, L.K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Multidrug-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci isolated from bloodstream in the uMgungundlovu District of KwaZu-lu-Natal Province in South Africa: Emerging Pathogens.  Antibiotics 10, 198 . https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020198
  10. Estaleva, C.E.L., Zimba, T.F., Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, U., Chenia, H.Y., Simonsen, G.S., Haldorsen, B., Essack, S.Y. & Sundsfjord, A. (2021).  High prevalence of multidrug resistant ESBL- and plasmid mediated AmpC-producing clinical isolates of Escherichia coli at Maputo Central Hospital, Mozambique BMC Infectious Diseases 21,  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05696-y  
  11. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Allam, M., Amoako, D., Akebe, L.K.A., Ismail, A., Singh, R., & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Comparative pathogenomic of Aeromonas veronii from pigs in South Africa: Dominance of the novel ST657 clone. Microorganisms 8 (12), 2008; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8122008
  12. Kubone, P.Z., Mlisana, K.P., Govinden, U., Abia, A.L.K., Essack, S.Y. Antibiotic Susceptibility and Molecular Characterization of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli associated with Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Urban and Rural Settings in South Africa. Tropical Medicine 5(4), 176; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed5040176
  13. Yaseen, M., Althaqafi, , Alshamrani, M., Alsaedi, A., Fayssal, F., Hameed, F., Mowallad, A., Tsenk, K. & Essack, S.Y.. (2020).  Assessing Effectiveness of Antibiotic Therapy against Gram-negative Bacteria in a Saudi Hospital using the Drug Resistance Index.  Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 41 (S1), S130-S131.  (published conference abstract) https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2020.640 
  14. Essack, S., Bell, J., Burgoyne, D., Tongrod, W., Duerden,M., Sessa, A., Altiner, A. & Shephard, A. (2020). Point-of-care testing for pharyngitis in the pharmacy.  Antibiotics 9 (11), 743; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9110743
  15. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2020) Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus ST25 Isolated from Carriage Samples in uMgungundlovu district, South Africa.  South African Medical Journal 110 (10); 959-60. https://doi.org/7196/SAMJ.2020.v110i10.15182
  16. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2020). First Report of a Clinical Multi-Drug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ST532 Isolate Harbouring Ciprofloxacin-Modifying Enzyme (CrpP) in South Africa. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance Sep, 22, 145-146 https://org/10.1016/j.jgar.2020.05.012 
  17. Shobo C., Alisoltani, A., Abia, A.L.K., Mtshali, P.S., Ismail, A., Zishiri, O.T., Horn. J.D., Brysiewicz, P., Essack, S.Y. & Bester L. (2020). Bacterial diversity and functional profile of microbial populations on surfaces in public hospital environments in South Africa: a high throughput metagenomic analysis. Science of the Total Environment 719: 1 Jun, 137360 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137360
  18. Asante, J., Amoako, G., Abia-Akebe, L.K., Somboro, AM., Govinden, U., Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Review of Clinically and Epidemiologically Relevant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci in Africa. Microbial Drug Resistance 26(8):951-970. https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2019.0381 .
  19. Rout, J., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2020). Residual fluid after IV infusion drug administration: risk of suboptimal dosing. British Journal of Nursing 29 (2): S6-S8 https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2020.29.2.S6
  20. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Allam, M., Amoako, D., Akebe, L.K.A., Ismail, A., Singh, R.,Kisten, T., Swe Han, K., Muckart, D.J.J., Hardcastle, T., Suleman, & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Genomic analysis of Carbapenemase-producing Extensively Drug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates reveals the horizontal spread of p18-43_01 plasmid encoding blaNDM-1 in South Africa. Microorganisms Jan; 8(1): 137. Jan 17 https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8010137
  21. Khumalo, G., Desai, R., Xaba, X., Moshabela, M., Essack, S.Y. & Lutge, E. (2020). Prioritising health research in KwaZulu-Natal: has the research conducted met the research needs?. Health Research Policy and Systems 18, 32 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-020-0538-7
  22. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Amoako, D., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Singh, R., Abia A.L.K. & Essack, S.Y. (2020).  Pathogenomic Analysis of a Novel Extensively Drug-Resistant Citrobacter freundii Isolate (H2730R) Carrying a blaNDM-1 Carbapenemase in South Africa. Pathogens 9, 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9020089 
  23. Chetty, S., Reddy, , Ramsamy,Y., Naidoo, A., Essack, S.Y. (2019), AMS in South Africa -A Scoping Review of the Published Literature. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy-Antimicrobial, Resistance 1 (3): Dec dlz060, https://doi.org/10.1093/jacamr/dlz060
  24. Mbelle, N., Feldman, , Osei, J., Maningi, N.E., Modipane, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  The Resistome, Mobilome, Virulome and Phylogenomics of Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli Clinical Isolates from Pretoria, South Africa   Scientific Reports 9, 16457 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-52859-2 
  25. Mbelle, N., Osei, J., Feldman, C., Maningi, N.E., Modipane, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  Genomic Analysis of Two Drug-Resistant Clinical Morganella morganii Strains Isolated from UTI Patients in Pretoria, South Africa.  Letters in Applied Microbiology Oct 20. https://doi.org/10.1111/lam.13237.
  26. Mbelle, N., Osei, , Amoako, D.G., Maningi, N.E., Modipane, L., Essack, S.Y & Feldman, C. (2019).  Genomic analysis of a multidrugresistant clinical Providencia rettgeri (PR002) strain with the novel integron ln1483 and an A/C plasmid replicon.  Annals of the New York Academy of Science Sept 23 http://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14237   
  27. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2020) Draft Genome Sequence of a Clinical Acinetobacter haemolyticus A109R1B4 Isolated from South Africa.  Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 20: 16-17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2019.10.015
  28. Rout, J., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2019).  Are Nursing Infusion Practices Delivering Full Dose Antimicrobial Treatment? Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Aug 25. pii: dkz365. http://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz365
  29. Agyepong, N., Amoako, D., Govinden, U., Owusu-Ofori, A., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Pedersen, T., Sunsdfjord, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Whole-Genome Sequences of Two Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from Patients with Urinary Tract Infections in Ghana. Microbiology Resource Announcements Aug 1;8(31). pii: e00270-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00270-19
  30. Shobo C., Amoako, D., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Essack, S.Y. & Bester L. (2019). Genome Sequence of Novel Sequence Type 922, a Multidrug-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis Strain isolated from the Door Handle in an Intensive Care Unit of a District hospital in Durban, South Africa. Microbiology Resource Announcement 8:e00582-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00582-19
  31. Agyepong, N., Amoako, D., Govinden, U., Owusu-Ofori, A., Allam, M., Jessin, J.P., Pedersen, T., Sunsdfjord, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Genomic characterization of multidrug-resistant ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from a Ghanaian teaching hospital.  International Journal of Infectious Diseases 85: 117-123.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.05.025
  32. Asante, J., Govinden, , Owusu-Ofori, A., Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  Molecular characterization of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus from a hospital in Ghana.   African Journal of Clinical and Experimental  Microbiology. 20 (3): 164-174 10.4314/ajcem.v20i3.1
  33. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Whole Genome Sequencing of Extended Spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Hospitalized Patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Scientific Reports 9, 6266 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42672-2   
  34. Essack, S.Y., Bell, J., Burgoyne, D., Deurden, M. & Shephard, A. (2019). Topical (Local) Antibiotics for Respiratory Infections with Sore Throat: An Antibiotic Stewardship Perspective.  Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics Practice 44(6):829-837 https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.13012
  35. Amoako, G.G., Osei Sekyere, J., Moodley, K., Bester, L., Somboro, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Tet (M) mediates tetracycline resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates from the Private Hospital Sector in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa.  Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 13(1), March 2019 https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.13.1
  36. Somboro, A., Sekyere, O., Amoako, D., Kumalo, H., Khan, R., Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) In Vitro Potentiation of Carbapenems with Tannic Acid Against Carbapenemase Producing Enterobacteriaceae: Exploring Natural Products as Potential Carbapenemase Inhibitors. Journal of Applied Microbiology 126 (2): 452-467. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.14141
  37. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Genomic Characterization Klebsiella michiganensis Co-producing OXA-181 And NDM-1 Carbapenemases Isolated from a Cancer Patient in uMgungundlovu District, South Africa.  South African Medical Journal 109 (1):7-8. https://doi.org/7196/SAMJ.2018.v109i1.13696 
  38. Somboro, A., Amoako, G.G., Sekyere, J.O., Kumalo, J.M., Khan, R., Bester, L.A. & Essack S.Y. (2019). TACN (1, 4, 7-Triazacyclononane) restores the activity of β-lactam antibiotics against Metallo-b-Lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae: The exploration of potential Metallo-beta-Lactamase inhibitors.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology; 85 (3) e02077-18 https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02077-18 
  39. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018). Genomic Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus ST121 Isolated from Hospitalized Patients in South Africa.  South African Medical Journal 108 (12): 1007-8. https://doi.org/7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i12.13713 
  40. Somboro, A., Sekyere, J.O., Amoako, D., Essack, S.Y. & Bester, L. (2018). Diversity and proliferation of metallo-β-lactamases: a clarion call for clinically effective metallo-β-lactamase inhibitors" Applied and Environmental Microbiology 84 (18): e00698-18. https://doi.org/1128/AEM.00698-18 
  41. Agoba, E.E., Govinden, U., Peer, A.K., Osei Sekyere, J. & Essack, S.Y. (2018)  ISAba1 regulated OXA-23 and ADC-mediated carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii from the private sector in Durban, South Africa. Microbial Drug Resistance 24 (9):1289-1295. https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2017.0172.
  42. Ramsamy, Y., Patel, M., Sartorius, B., Essack, S.Y. & Mlisana K. (2018) Antibiotic resistance trends of ESKAPE pathogens in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: a 5-year retrospective analysis. African Journal of Laboratory Medicine 7 (2): a887. https://doi.org/4102/ajlm.v7i2.887
  43. Ramsamy, Y., Mlisana, K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Singh, R., Amoako, D. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Whole-genome Sequence of Novel Sequence Type 3136 Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (KZ00361153) Isolated from a Hospitalized Patient in Durban, South Africa Microbiology Resource Announcements 7 (23): e01300-18 https://doi.org/1128/MRA.01300-18
  44. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Extended Spectrum Beta-lactamase Mediated Resistance in Carriage and Clinical Gram-Negative ESKAPE Bacteria: A Comparison Between a District and Tertiary Hospital in South Africa.  Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control 7: 134.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-018-0423-0
  45. Mahaluça, F.A., Essack S., & Sacarlal J (2018) Antibacterial Resistance Patterns of WHO List of Essential Antibiotics Adopted by Mozambique. Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 4: 183. https://doi.org/10.4172/2472-1212.1000183
  46. Mahaluça F.A., Sacarlal & Essack S (2018) The Etiology of Hospital Infections in the Intensive Care Unit of a Reference Hospital in Southern Mozambique. Clinical Microbiology 7: 319. https://doi.org/10.4172/2327-5073.1000319
  47. Chirindze, L.M., Zimba, F., Sekyere, J.O., Govinden, U., Chenia, H.Y., Sundsfjord, A., Essack, S.Y., Simonsen, G.S. (2018) Faecal Colonization of E. coli and Klebsiella spp. Producing Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases and Plasmid-Mediated AmpC in Mozambican University Students BMC Infectious Diseases 18: 244 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3154-1
  48. Pedersen, T., Sekyere, J.O., Govinden, U., Moodley, K., Sivertsen, A., Samuelsen, O., Essack, S. & Sundsfjord, A. (2018).  Spread of Plasmid-Encoded NDM-1 and GES-5 Carbapenemases among Extensively Drug-Resistant and Pan-drug-Resistant Clinical Enterobacteriaceae in Durban, South Africa.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 62(5). pii: e02178-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02178-17
  49. Agyepong, N., Govinden, U., Owusu-Ofori, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018). Infections caused by multidrug-resistant Gram negative bacterial pathogens from a teaching hospital in Ghana.  Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 7: 37 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-018-0324-2
  50. Founou, R.C., Founou, L.L. & Essack, S.Y. (2017) Clinical and economic impact of antibiotic resistance in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  PLoS ONE 12(12): e0189621. https://doi.org/1371/journal.pone.0189621
  51. Essack, S.Y., Bell, J. & Shephard, A (2017). Community pharmacists – leaders for antibiotic stewardship in respiratory tract infections amongst prescribers and patients.  Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics Practice https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpt.12650
  52. Naidoo, A., Naidoo, K., McIlleron, H., Essack, S.Y. & Padayatchi, N. (2017). A review of moxifloxacin for the treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 57 (11): 1369-1386. https://doi.org/1002/jcph.968  
  53. Naidoo, A., Chirehwa, M., McIlleron, H., Naidoo, K., Essack, S.Y., Yende-Zuma, N., a; Kimba, P. E. Adamson, J., Govender, K., Padayatchi, N. & Denti, P. (2017) Effect of rifampicin and efavirenz on moxifloxacin concentrations when co-administered in patients with drug susceptible tuberculosis. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 72 (5): 1441-1449. https://doi.org/1093/jac/dkx004
  54. Adjei, C. B., Govinden, U., Moodley K. and Essack, S.Y. (2017) Molecular Characterization of Multidrug-Resistant P. aeruginosa from a Private Hospital in Durban, South Africa.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 4(1): 1-4. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v33i2.19 
  55. Schellack, N., Benjamin, D., Brink, A., Duse, A., Faure, K., Goff, D., Mendelson, M., Meyer, J., Miot, J., Perovic, O., Pople, T., Suleman, F., van Vuuren, M. & Essack, S.Y. (2017) A situational analysis of current antimicrobial governance, regulation and utilisation in South Africa. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 64: 100-106. https://doi.org/1016/j.ijid.2017.09.002
  56. Abotsi, R.E., Govinden, U. & Essack, S.Y. (2017). Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance in Haemophilus parainfluenzae.  Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 32 (3): 111-114. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v32i3.49 
  57. Abotsi, R.E., Govinden, U., Moodley, K. & Essack, S.Y. (2017) Fluoroquinolone, Macrolide and Ketolide Resistance in Haemophilus parainfluenzae from South Africa.  Microbial Drug Resistance 2 96): 667-673. https://doi.org/1089/mdr.2016.0045
  58. Abotsi, R.E., Govinden, U., Moodley, K. & Essack, S.Y. (2017). Emerging Fluoroquinolone and Ketolide Resistance in Haemophilus parainfluenzae in South Africa. Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 11(4): 364-7. https://doi.org/3855/jidc.8241
  59. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, U. & Essack. (2016). Comparison of Existing Phenotypic and Genotypic Tests for the Detection of NDM and GES Carbapenemase- Producing Enterobacteriaceae.  Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology 10 (4): 2585-2591 http://dx.doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.10.4.14
  60. Shobo, B., Bester, L., Baijnath, S., Somboro, A., Peer, A.K. & Essack, S.Y. (2016) Antibiotic resistant profiles of Campylobacter species in the private sector in South-Africa.  Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 10 (11): 1214-1221.  https://doi.org/3855/jidc.8165 
  61. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, , Bester, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2016) Colistin and Tigecycline Resistance In Carbapenemase-Producing Gram Negative Bacteria: Emerging Resistance Mechanisms And Detection Methods. Journal of Applied Microbiology 121 (3): 601-17.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13169
  62. Essack, S.Y., Desta, A.T., Abotsi R.E.& Agoba, E.E. (2016) Antimicrobial Resistance in the WHO African Region – Current Status and Roadmap for Action. Journal of Public Health 39 (1): 8-13. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw015
  63. Pareko, D.D., Lubbe, M.S. & Essack, S.Y. Surveillance of Antibiotic Use in the private sector in Namibia using sales and claims data  Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 10 (11): 1243-1249. https://doi.org/3855/jidc.7329  
  64. Bester L.A., Phulukdaree , Khan, N & Essack S.Y. (2016). Efficacy of Phenotypic, PCR and MALDI-ToF Identification Methods for Campylobacter spp.  Medical Technology SA 30 (1): 31-33. http://hdl.handle.net/2263/59124
  65. Najjuka, C.F., Kateete, D.P., Kajumbula, H.M., Joloba, M.L. & Essack, S.Y. (2016). Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profiles of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from Outpatients in Urban and Rural Districts of Uganda.  BMC Research Notes 9:235 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-016-2049-8.
  66. Azumah, R., Dutta, , Somboro, A.M., Ramtahal, M., Chonco, L., Parboosing, R., Bester, L.A., Kruger, H.G., Naicker, T., Essack, S.Y. and Govender, T. (2016). In vitro evaluation of metal chelators as potential metallo- β -lactamase inhibitors. Journal of Applied Microbiology 120: 860–867. https://doi.org/10.1111/jam.13085   
  67. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, & Essack, S.Y. (2016). The Molecular Epidemiology and Genetic Environment of Carbapenemases Detected in Africa.  Microbial Drug Resistance 22 (1) 59-68 )  https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2015.0053
  68. Amoako, D.G., Bester, L.A., Somboro, A.M., Baijnath, S., Govind, C.N. & Essack, S.Y. (2016) Plasmid-mediated resistance and virulence mechanisms in the private health sector in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: An investigation of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clinical isolates collected during a three month period.  International Journal of Infectious Diseases 46: 38-41.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2016.03.019
  69. Pareko, D.D., Lubbe, S. & Essack, S.Y. (2015)  Public knowledge attitudes and behaviour towards antibiotic usage in Windhoek, Namibia. Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases. 30 (4): 27-29.   https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2015.1107290
  70. Osei Sekyere, J., Govinden, U. & Essack, S.Y. (2015). Review of Established and Innovative Detection Methods for Carbapenemase-Producing Gram-negative Bacteria.  Journal of Applied Microbiology 119: 1219-1233 https://doi.org/1111/jam.12918
  71. Altiner, A., Bell. J., Duerden, M., Essack, S.Y., Koslov, R., Oxford, J., Pignatari, A.C., Sessa, A & van der Velden, A. (2015)  More Action, less resistance: report of the 2014 summit of the Global Respiratory Infection Partnership. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 23: 370-377.  https://doi.org/1111/ijpp.12177  
  72. Pareko, D.D., Lubbe, M.S. & Essack, S.Y. (2015)  Antibiotic Use in Namibia: Prescriber Practices for Common Community Infections.  South African Family Practice 57 (4): 231-235. https://doi.org/10.1080/20786190.2015.1024021
  73. Somboro, A., Tiwari, D., Bester, L., Parboosing, R., Chonco, L., Kruger, H.G., Arvidsson, P., Govender, T., Naicker, T. & Essack, S. Y. (2015) NOTA: A potent metallo-β-lactamase inhibitor. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 70 (5): 1594-6. https://doi.org/1093/jac/dku538
  74. Dutta, J., Ramesh, S., Radebe, S.M., Somboro, A.M., de la Torre, B. G., Kruger, H.G., Essack, S.Y., Albericio, F. & Govender, T. (2015) Optimized microwave assisted synthesis of LL37, a cathelicidin human antimicrobial peptide. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 21: 13-20  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10989-014-9439-3
  75. Mhlongo, N., Govinden, and Essack, S.Y. (2015) NDM-1, novel TEM-205, novel TEM-213 and other ESBLS co-expressed in isolates from cystic fibrosis patients. Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases 30 (3): 102-6.   https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2015.1074441
  76. Chunnilall, D., Peer, A.K., Naidoo, I. & Essack, S.Y. (2015). An evaluation of antibiotic prescribing patterns in a private hospital ICU in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  South African Journal of Infectious Diseases 30 (1): 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/23120053.2015.1103956
  77. Somboro A.M., Tiwari, D., Shobo, A., Bester, L., Kruger, H.G., Govender, T. & Essack, S.Y. (2014).   Evaluation of MALDI Biotyping for rapid sub-species identification of carbapenemase-producing bacteria via protein profiling.  Mass Spectrometry Letters 5 (4): 110-14. https://doi.org/10.5478/MSL.2014.5.4.110  
  78. Mhlongo, N., Govinden, U., Egner, J. and Essack, S.Y. (2014) Demographic and microbiological profile of cystic fibrosis in Durban, South Africa.  African Journal of Microbiology Research 8(33): 3118-3122.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.03.616  
  79. Essack, S.Y. & Pignatari, C. (2013). A framework for the non-antibiotic management of upper respiratory tract infections: towards a global change in antibiotic resistance. International Journal of Clinical Practice 67 (Suppl 180): 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12335
  80. J., Duerden, M., Altiner, A., Sessa., A & van der Velden, A in collaboration with the GRIP - Professor Attila Altiner (Germany), Mr John Bell (Australia), Dr Martin Duerden (UK), Professor Sabiha Essack (South Africa), Professor Roman Kozlov (Russia), Professor John Oxford (UK), Professor Antonio Carlos Pignatari (Brazil), Dr Aurelio Sessa (Italy), Dr Alike van der Velden (Netherlands). (2013). Sore throat management: effective healthcare provider-patient communication meets appropriate diagnosis, self-management and improved antibiotic use. International Journal of Clinical Practice 67 (Suppl 180): 10-16. 10.1111/ijcp.12336
  81. Oxford, J & Kozlov, R in collaboration with the GRIP: Professor Attila Altiner (Germany), Mr John Bell (Australia), Dr Martin Duerden (UK), Professor Sabiha Essack (South Africa), Professor Roman Kozlov (Russia), Professor John Oxford (UK), Professor Antonio Carlos Pignatari (Brazil), Dr Aurelio Sessa (Italy), Dr Alike van der Velden (Netherlands) (2013). Antibiotic resistance, a call to arms for primary healthcare providers. International Journal of Clinical Practice 67 (Suppl 180): 1-3.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12334
  82. van der Velden, A., Duerden, M., Bell, J., Oxford, J., Altiner, A., Kozlov, R., Sessa, A., Pignatari, A. & Essack, S. (2013) Prescriber and patient responsibilities in treatment of acute respiratory tract infections – essential for ’conservation of antibiotics. Antibiotics 2: 316-327 3390/antibiotics2020316
  83. Arbee, R., Mahes, N., Mankahla, U., Naroth, A., Suleman, F. and Essack, S.Y. 2012. Status of Infection Control in Public Hospitals in Kwa-Zulu Natal.  South African Pharmaceutical Journal 79 (3) 32-35 http://www.sapj.co.za/index.php/SAPJ/article/view/1278
  84. Essack, S.Y. and Connolly, C.   Treatment Guidelines and Nosocomial Infections – The South African Experience.  African Journal of Microbiology Research 5 (20): 3122-3125.  https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR10.346
  85. Levy-Hara, G., Amabile-Cuevas, C., Gould, I., Hutchinson, J., Abbo, L., Saxynger, L., Vliege, E., Lopes Cardoso, F.L., Methar, S., Kanj, S., Ohmagari, N., Harbath, S., Aiken, A., Alnimr, A., Bavestrello, L., Carlet, J., Dreser, A., Essack, S., Hsueh, P-R., Ismail, N., Kaddu-Mulindwa, D., Kolmos, J.H., Mochizuki, T., Ndwega, L., Odio, C., Peredo, M.A., Vega, S., Viswanathan., R. and Wertheim, H. 2011. “Ten Commandments” for the appropriate use of antibiotics by the practicing physician in an outpatient setting. Frontiers in Microbiology 2: 1-7 https://doi.org/ 3389/fmicb.2011.00230
  86. Essack, S.Y., Schellack, N., Pople, T., van der Merwe, L., Suleman, F., Meyer, J.C., Gous, A.G.S and Benjamin, D. 2011. Antibiotic supply chain and management in human health.  South African Medical Journal. 101: 562-566. http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0256-95742011000800030
  87. Holloway, K., Mathai, E., Gray, A., Chandy, S., Essack, S.Y., Gous, A., Joseph, I., Koppikar, G.V., Kotwani, A., Kulkarni, R., Mathai, M., Matthews, J., Pochee, E., Sturm, A.W., Thatte, U., Thomas, K., and Wattal, C. 2011. Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in resource-constrained settings - experience from five pilot projects. Tropical Medicine and International Health 16 (3) 368-374 https://doi.org/1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02696.x
  88. Holloway, K., Mathai, E., Gray, A., Chandy, S., Essack, S.Y., Gous, A., Joseph, I., Koppikar, G.V., Kotwani, A., Kulkarni, R., Mathai, M., Matthews, J., Pochee, E., Sturm, A.W., Thatte, U., Thomas, K., and Wattal, C. 2011. Surveillance of community antimicrobial use in resource-constrained settings - experience from five pilot projects. Tropical Medicine and International Health 16 (2) 152-161 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02695.x
  89. Mocktar, C, Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. 2009. Complexity and diversity of beta-lactamase expression in inhibitor resistant Escherichia coli from public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection.  24: 29-33. https://doi.org/10.1080/10158782.2009.11441359
  90. Essa, Z.I., Connolly, C. and Essack, S.Y. Staphylococcus aureus from Public Hospitals in Kwa-Zulu-Natal, South Africa – Infection Detection and Strain Typing. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection. 24:4-7.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10158782.2009.11441332
  91. Essack, S.Y. and Uys L.R.  2009. Health Research in South Africa- Are we meeting the need?  South African Journal of Higher Education.  23 (2): 264-274. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC37531
  92. Govinden, U., Mocktar, , Moodley, P., Sturm AW and Essack, S.Y. 2009. Detection of mutations in the gyrA of clinical Salmonella spp. African Journal of Biotechnology. 8:3011-3014. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/62079
  93. Mocktar C., Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. 2008. The effect of mutations in the AmpC promoter region on β-lactam resistance from an Escherichia coli clinical isolate from  a patient in a public sector hospital in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.  African Journal of Biotechnology.  7: 2547-2550. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/59088
  94. Govinden, U., Mocktar, C., Moodley, P., Sturm AW and Essack, S.Y. 2008. Characterization of ESBLs in Salmonella spp. at a tertiary hospital in Durban South Africa. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 62: 86-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2008.04.014
  95. Mocktar C, Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY. 2008. CMY-20, a novel AmpC-type b-lactamase from South African clinical Escherichia coli  Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 60: 405-8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2007.11.009
  96. Govinden U, Mocktar C, Moodley P,Sturm A W and Essack SY.   Geographical evolution of the CTX-M β-lactamase – an update.  African Journal of Biotechnology, 6: 831-839. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/56913
  97. Mocktar C, Govinden U, Sturm A W and Essack SY.  2007.  TEM-145 and TEM-146 β-lactamases produced by Escherichia coli isolates from state hospitals in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.  African Journal of Biotechnology, 6: 493-496. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/56857
  98. Govinden, U., Mocktar, C., Moodley, P., Sturm A.W. and Essack, S.Y.  CTX-M-37 in Salmonella enterica serotype Isangi from Durban South Africa.  International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 28: 288-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2006.05.028.
  99. Essack, S.Y.   Strategies for the Prevention and Containment of Antibiotic Resistance.  South African Family Practice, 48: 51. https://doi.org/10.1080/20786204.2006.10873321
  100. Essack, S.Y., Connolly, C and Sturm, A.W.   Antibiotic use and resistance in public sector hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal. South African Medical Journal, 95:865-870. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16344884/  
  101. Gray, A. and Essack S.Y.   Monitoring antibiotic use and resistance – a pilot project in South Africa.  Essential Drugs Monitor, 34: 20
  102. Govender, S., Pillay, V., Chetty, D.J., Essack, S. Y. and Govender, T.   Optimization and characterization of bioadhesive controlled release tetracycline microspheres.  International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 306 (1-2): 24-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2005.07.026
  103. Essack, S.Y.   b-Lactamases – An Overview.  Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 19:106-114.
  104. Essack, S.Y., Hall, M.C. and Livermore, D.M. 2004. Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate from South Africa with multiple TEM, SHV and AmpC b-lactamases. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 23: 398-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2003.08.010
  105. Essack SY.   Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases: epidemiology, identification, treatment options and strategies to prevent emergence and dissemination. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 17: 6-11.
  106. Essack SY. 2001 The development of b-Lactam antibiotics in response to the Evolution of b-lactamases. Pharmaceutical Research, 18:1391-9. https://doi.org/1023/a:1012272403776  
  107. Essack, S.Y., Hall, L.M.C., Livermore, D.M., Mcfadyen, M.L. and Pillay, D.G. 2001. Complexity and diversity of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains with extended-spectrum b-lactamases isolated in 1994 and 1996 at a teaching hospital in Durban, South Africa.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 45:88-95. https://doi.org/1128/AAC.45.1.88-95.2001
  108. Essack, S.Y. 2000. Unprecedented Resistance to b-Lactam Antibiotics Evident in Durban, South Africa - Surveillance-Based Antibiotic Policies Imperative! Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 15:48-50.
  109. Essack, S.Y. 2000. Laboratory detection of extended-spectrum b-lactamases (ESBLs) – the need for a reliable, reproducible method.  Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 37: 293-295. https://doi.org/11016/s0732-8893(00)00152-8 .
  110. Essack, S.Y., Hall, L.M.C., Pillay, D.G., Mcfadyen, M.L. and Livermore, D.M. Complexity and diversity of extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in Durban, South Africa. In Programme and Abstracts of the 40th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy Toronto, Canada, 2000, Poster C1995, p. 121. American Society for Microbiology, Washington DC.
  111. Essack, S.Y. 2000. Treatment options for extended-spectrum blactamase ESBL-producers. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 190: 181-184. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2000.tb09283.x
  112. Essack, S.Y., Gounder, , Jamnadas, S., Naicker, V., Naidoo, K. and Rashid, Z. 2000. A staphylococcal carrier study among health sciences students trained in hospitals in Durban, South Africa.  Medical Science Research, 28: 135-136.
  113. Essack, S.Y., Hall, L.M.C., Livermore, D.M. and Pillay, D.G. 1998. TEM-62 and TEM-63, novel b-lactamases isolated in South African nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates. In Programme and Abstracts of the 38th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy San Diego, California, 1998, Paper C9, p. 71. American Society for Microbiology, Washington DC.
  114. Essack, S.Y., Ally, F.B., Paraw, A. and Pather, P. 1996. Perception of the Pharmacist. South African Pharmaceutical Journal, 63: 45-46.
  115. Essack, S.Y., Badat, A.H., Barmania, Z. and Naidoo, R. 1995. Immunisation Status in Informal Settlements in South Africa. Medical Science Research, 23: 287.
  116. Essack, S.Y., Alexander, M. and Pillay, B. 1995. Synergism of piperacillin/lithium clavulanate in Enterobacter aerogenes producing multiple ß-lactamases. Medical Science Research, 23: 17-18.
  117. Essack, S.Y., Alexander, M. and Pillay, B. 1994. A "novel" plasmid-mediated, class I-type ß-lactamase isolated in Klebsiella pneumoniae in Durban, South Africa. Medical Science Research, 22: 797-798.

Animal Health

  1. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Antimicrobial resistance in the farm-to-plate continuum: more than a food safety issue.  Future Science OA. 2 March 2021 https://doi.org/10.2144/fsoa-2020-0189
  2. Sithole, V., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y.  (2021).  Occurrence, Antimicrobial Resistance, and Molecular Characterisation of Campylobacter Spp. in Intensive Pig Production in South Africa.  Pathogens 10(4), 439; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10040439
  3. Badul, S., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y.  (2021).  From the farms to the dining table: the distribution and molecular characteristics of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus spp. in intensive pig farming in South Africa.  Microorganisms  9(5), 882; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9050882
  4. Sineke, N., Asante, J., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Staphylococcus aureus in intensive pig production in South Africa: antibiotic resistance, virulence determinants, and clonality.  Pathogens 10, 317. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10030317
  5. Abdalla, S.E., Abia, L.K., Amoako, D.G., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021). From farm-to-fork: E. coli from an intensive pig production system in South Africa shows high resistance to critically important antibiotics for human and animal use.  Antibiotics 10, 178. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10020178
  6. Founou, L.L., Founou, C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021) Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) ST221 Isolated in the Microbiome of Swine in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 111 (1) 5-6. 10.7196/SAMJ.2020.v111i1.15453
  7. Abdalla, S., Abia, A., Amoako, D. & Essack, S. (2020). Assessment of the risk associated with exposure to diarrheagenic E. coli in intensive pig production workers in South Africa. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 101 (S1), 153-154 (published conference abstract)
  8. McIver, K.S., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K., Bester, L.A., Chenia, H.Y. & Essack, S.Y. (2020).  Molecular epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli from farm-to-fork in intensive poultry production in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Antibiotics  2020, 9(12), 850; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9120850
  9. Pillay, S., Amoako, D.G., Abia-Akebe, L.K., Somboro, AM., Shobo, C. 0., Perrett, K., Bester, L.A., & Essack, S.Y. (2020). Characterisation of Campylobacter spp. Isolated from Poultry in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Antibiotics 9, 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9020042
  10. Faife, S.L., Sekyere, J.O., Govinden, U., Zimba, T., Chenia, H.Y., Sundsfjord, A., and Essack, S.Y. (2020). β-Lactam and Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Enterobacteriaceae from Imported and Locally-Produced Chicken in Mozambique.  Journal of Infection in Developing Countries 14 (5): 471-478. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.10924
  11. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Genome mining and comparative pathogenomic analysis of an endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clone, ST612-CC8-t1257-SCCmec_IVd(2B), isolated in South Africa.  Pathogens 8(4). pii: E166. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8040166  
  12. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019).  Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Abattoir Worker in Cameroon.  South African Medical Journal 109(11):820-821. 7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i11.14378  
  13. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, Perrett, K., Molechan, C., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Antibiotic  Resistance of Staphylococcus Aureus From Poultry And Poultry Products In Umgungundlovu District, South Africa Using The ‘Farm To Fork’ Approach. Microbial Drug Resistance Oct 24. http://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2019.0201 
  14. Molechan, C., Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Molecular epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant Enterococcus spp.  from the farm-to-fork continuum in intensive poultry production in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Science of the Total Environment 692: 868-878 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.324
  15. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequence of a Drug-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strain SA9, Isolated from a Slaughterhouse Chicken Carcass in South Africa. Microbiology Resource Announcement Jun 13;8(24). pii: e00489-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00489-19
  16. Founou, L.L., Founou, C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019) Genome Analysis of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from Pigs: Emergence of the Clonal Lineage ST398 in Cameroon and South Africa.  Zoonosis & Public Health 66: 512-525 https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12586
  17. Amoako, D.G., Somboro, A.M., Abia-Akebe, L-K., Allam, M., Ismail, A., Bester, L.A. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Genomic Analysis of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Poultry and Occupational Farm Workers in uMgungundlovu District, South Africa. Science of the Total Environment 670: 704-716. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.110 
  18. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Ntshobeni, N., Govinden, U., Bester, L., Chenia, H., Djoko, C. & Essack, S.Y. (2019). Emergence and Spread of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase -Producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in Pigs and Exposed Workers: A Multicenter Comparative Study Between Cameroon and South Africa. Pathogens 8 (10) https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens8010010 
  19. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018). Draft Genome Sequences of Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing -Enterobacter aerogenes Isolates from Swine and Humans. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 14: 70-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2018.06.006
  20. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Draft Genome Sequence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis Isolate from Swine. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 15: 250-1. https://doi.org/1016/j.jgar.2018.10.016
  21. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Draft Genome Sequence of an Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase (CTX-M-15) producing Escherichia coli ST10 Isolated from a Nasal Sample of an Abattoir Worker in Cameroon. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 14: 68-69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2018.06.004
  22. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli Harbouring mcr-1 Gene Isolated from Pigs in South Africa. South African Medical Journal 108 (10): 796-7. 7196/SAMJ.2018.v108i10.13508
  23. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Essack, S.Y. and Djoko, C. (2018). Mannitol-Fermenting Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococci (MRS) in Pig Abattoirs in Cameroon and South Africa: A Serious Food Safety Threat.  International Journal of Food Microbiology 285: 50-60. https://doi.org/1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2018.07.006
  24. Founou, L.L., Amoako, D.G., Founou, R.C. and Essack, S.Y.  (2018) Antibiotic resistance in food animals in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Microbial Drug Resistance 24 (5): 648-665. https://doi.org/10.1089/mdr.2017.0383 
  25. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C., Allam, M. Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Genome Sequencing of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL)-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Pigs and Abattoir Workers in Cameroon.  Frontiers in Microbiology 9; 188 3389/fmicb.2018.00188 
  26. Founou, L.L., Founou, R.C. and Essack, S.Y. (2016). Antibiotic Resistance in the Food Chain: A Developing Country Perspective. Frontiers in Microbiology (published online 23 Nov 2016 doi https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01881
  27. Bester, L. and Essack, S.Y. 2012.  Observational study of the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Campylobacter spp. from different poultry production systems in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Journal of Food Protection 1: 154-159 https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-237
  28. Bester, L. and Essack, Y. 2010. Antibiotic Resistance via the Food Chain:  Fact or Fiction.  South African Journal of Science 106: 1-5. http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0038-23532010000500007
  29. Bester, L and Essack, S.Y.  2008.  Prevalence of antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter isolates from commercial poultry suppliers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.  Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 62 (6):1298-1300.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkn408
  30. Bester L.A. and Essack S.Y.   Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter isolates from poultry in KwaZulu-Natal. Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection; 22: 53 (conference abstract).

Environmental Dimensions of AMR

  1. Mbanga, J., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K. Allam, M., Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Genomic analysis of enterococcus ppp. isolated from a wastewater treatment plant and its associated waters in Umgungundlovu District, South Africa.   Frontiers in Microbiology (Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy.  Manuscript ID: 648454 (in press)
  2. Fatoba, D.O., Abia, A.L.K., Amoako, D.G. & Essack, S.Y. Rethinking manure application: increase in multidrug-resistant Enterococcus spp. in agricultural soil following chicken litter application. Microorganisms 9 (5): 885 3390/microorganisms9050885
  3. Mbanga, J., Amoako, D.G., Abia, A.L.K. Allam, M., Ismail, A. & Essack, S.Y. (2021).  Genomic Insights of Multi-Drug Resistant Escherichia coli from Wastewater Sources and Their Association with Clinical pathogens in South Africa.   Frontiers in Veterinary Science 8, 137 https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2021.636715 
  4. King, T.L., Schmidt, S. Thakur, S., Fedorka-Cray, P., Keelara, S., Harden, L. & Essack, S.Y. (2021) Resistome of a carbapenemase-producing novel ST232 Klebsiella michiganensis isolate from urban hospital effluent in South Africa, Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance 24, 321-324.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgar.2021.01.004
  5. Mbanga, J., Abia, A.L.K.; Amoako, D.G & Essack, S.Y. (2020).  Quantitative microbial risk assessment for waterborne pathogens in a wastewater treatment plant and its receiving surface water body.  BMC Microbiology 20, 346 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12866-020-02036-7  
  6. Maillard, J-Y., Bloomfield, S.F., Courvalin, P., Essack, S.Y., Gandra, S., Gerba, C.P., Rubino, J.R. & Scott, E.A. (2020) Reducing antibiotic prescribing and addressing the global problem of antibiotic resistance by targeted hygiene in the home and everyday life settings: A Position Paper .American Journal of Infection Control 48: 1090-99 doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2020.04.011
  7. King, T., Essack, S.Y. & Schmidt S. (2019) Antibiotic resistant Klebsiella spp. from hospital, hospital effluents and wastewater treatment plants in the uMgungundlovu District, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Science of the Total Environment 712, 135550 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135550
  8. Ntshobeni, N., Allam, , Ismail, A., Amoako, D., Essack, S.Y. & Chenia, H. (2019).  Draft genome sequence of Providencia rettgeri APW139_S1, an NDM-18-producing clinical strain originating from hospital effluent in South Africa.  Microbiology Resources Announcements 8:e00259-19. https://doi.org/10.1128/MRA.00259-19
  9. Essack, S.Y. (2018). Environment: the neglected component of the One Health triad.  Lancet Planetary Health 6(2) e238-e239. https://doi.org/1016/S2542-5196(18)30124-4

One Health

  1. Eriksen, J., Björkman, I., Röing, M., Essack, S.Y. & Stålsby Lundborg, C. (2021)  Exploring the One health perspective in Sweden’s policies to contain antibiotic resistance.  Antibiotics 10, 526. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10050526   
  2. Morel, C., Alm, R., Ardal, C., Bandera, A., Bruno, G., Carrara, E., Colombo, G., de Kraker, M., Essack, S., Frost, I., Gonzalez-Zorn, H.B., Guardabassi, L., Harbarth, S., Jørgensen, P.S., Kanj, S., Kostyanev, T., Laxminarayan, R.,  Leonard, F., Levy Hara, G., Mendelson, M., Mikulska, M., Mutter, N.T., Outterson, K., Rodriguez Baňo, J., Tacconelli, E & Scudeller, L. A One Health framework to estimate the cost of antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 9, 187 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-020-00822-6 .
  3. Essack, S.Y. (2018). Antibiotic Resistance and One Health: a mapping project.  The Lancet Global Health 6 (S27): 27. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30156-6 
  4. Essack, S.Y. (2018). Global Antibiotic Resistance: Of Contagion, Confounders and the COM-B Model.  Lancet Planetary Health 2 (9) e376-377. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(18)30187-6
  5. Mbelle, N., Feldman, C., Osei, J., Modipane, L., Maningi, N.E., & Essack, S.Y. (2018) Resistance mutations and sequence types associated with extended spectrum beta lactamase, quinolone and aminoglycoside resistance in Enterobacteriaceae from South Africa.  International Journal of Infectious Diseases 73:105-6 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2018.04.3659

Higher Education

  1. Essack S.Y. (2021)  National Action Plans on Antimicrobial Resistance - the Missing Link of WASH at Community Level.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization BLT/2020/284232 (in press)
  2. Orton, P., Nokes, K., Essack, S.Y. & Bryciewicz, P. (2020) Creating an instrument to measure perceptions about access to fealth-related higher education programmes in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education 34 (6): 185-200. https://doi.org/10.20853/34-6-3446
  3. Naidoo, U., Flack, P., Naidoo, I and Essack, S.Y. 2014. Secondary school factors relating to academic success in first-year Health Science students.  South African Journal of Higher Education 28(4): 1332-1343  https://doi.org/10.20853/28-4-385
  4. Higgins-Opitz, S.B., Tufts, M., Naidoo, I. & Essack, S.Y. 2014 Perspectives of student performance in the Health Sciences: how do physiology and professional modules compare? South African Journal of Higher Education 28 (2): 436-454  https://doi.org/10.20853/28-2-336
  5. Essack, S.Y. & Naidoo, 2013.  Teaching and Learning Indicators in University Rankings.  South African Journal of Higher Education 27 (1): 42-47 https://doi.org/10.20853/27-1-232
  6. Essack S. Human Resources for Health – Challenges and Solutions. PHASA newsletter February 2013. http://www.phasa.org.za/human-resources-for-health-challenges-and-solutions/
  7. Essack, S.Y.   Translating Equitable Access into Retention and Success in African Higher Education: The Role and Responsibility of Individual Institutions.  Journal of Higher Education in Africa 10 (2): 47-62[1] https://codesria.org/IMG/pdf/3-_Essack.pdf
  8. Essack, S.Y., Naidoo, I., Oosthuizen, F., Bodenstein, J., Brysiewicz, P. and Suleman, F.   Quality Teaching and Learning in the Health Sciences.  South African Journal of Higher Education 26 (5): 960-972 https://doi.org/10.20853/26-5-203
  9. Essack, S.Y.   Models for Increasing the Health Workforce.  South African Medical Journal 102 (11): 830-2. https://doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.5779
  10. Essack, S.Y., Wedekind, and Naidoo, I. 2012.  Selection Tools Predictive of Success in the Health Sciences - NATED vs. NSC Students.  South African Journal of Higher Education 26 (3): 472-486.  https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/EJC136744 
  11. Essack, S.Y., Naidoo, I. and Barnes, G. 2010. Government Funding as Leverage for Quality Teaching and Learning. Journal of Higher Education and Management Policy, 22 (3): 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1787/hemp-22-5km39qsftr0x
  12. Essack, S.Y., Barnes, , Jackson, L., Majozi, M., McInerney, P., Mtshali, N., Naidoo, I., Oosthuizen, F. and Suleman. F. 2009. Maximizing Income via the Higher Education Funding Framework in Health Sciences. South African Journal of Higher Education 23 (2): 275-292. https://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC37530      

 

[1]Reprinted with permission from the Institute for International Education.  The original version is cited as: Essack, S.Y.  2010.  Translating Equitable Access into Retention and Success in African Higher Education: The Role and Responsibility of Individual Institutions.  In O’Hara, S. (Ed) Higher Education in Africa: Equity, Access, Opportunity, Institute of International Education, New York, New York, pp 15-29.

Blogs

  1. Essack, S.Y. (2021).  From Treatment Options to Precision Medicine: The Future of “Omics-Based” Antibiotic Resistance Surveillance Data.  https://bsac.org.uk/from-trethe-future-of-omics-based-antibiotic-resistance-surveillance-data/   
  2. Essack, S.Y. (2020). Mitigating AMR: Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic.  https://www.amr-insights.eu/mitigating-amr-lessons-from-the-covid-19-pandemic/
  3. Essack, S.Y. (2020). WASH Community Programmes Key to Overcome Antimicrobial Resistance in Low and Middle-Income Countries https://www.amr-insights.eu/wash-community-programmes-key-to-overcome-antimicrobial-resistance-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-2/ 
  4. Essack, S.Y., Blocker, A. & van Dongen, M. (2020).  Global call to healthcare providers treating COVID-19 patients to implement diagnostic stewardship/microbial diagnostics and exercise prudence in prescribing antibiotics.  https://www.amr-insights.eu/call-to-healthcare-providers-treating-covid-19-patients-to-implement-diagnostic-stewardship-and-exercise-prudence-in-prescribing-antibiotics/